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New points of view for Pyrrhura. Challenge for new colormutation
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The cinnamon & yellow-side of the green cheeked conure

It started by the blue color variation

In the first years, I raised many different unrelated bloodlines of the blue molinae, to avoid inbreeding.  Then I tried to intensify the blue color by selective breeding.  As the first blue catharinaparakeet at the end of the eighties, looked mare sea-green than blue, the same happened with the first blue molinae.  With the contribution of the most deep-green colored original birds and at the other hand selecting intensified blue color is the present generation greencheek obviously more blue than the first generation (1992) just analogous as the blue catharinaparakeet.


By way of information: the blue mutation devolves recessive.
In combination with the original gives:

blue x green:

  • 100% green/blue

blue x green / blue:

  • 50% blue
  • 50% green/blue

green/blue x green/blue:

  • 25% blue
  • 50% green/blue
  • 25% green

blue x blue:

  • 100 % blue


1998 : California offers amazing cinnamon and yellow-side

For the other mutations, I had to wait until 1998.  Then I came into contact with a breeder from California who has himself the cinnamon and the yellow-side as color variations, and so he was strongly interested in the blue mutation.  After one year phoning and faxing to and fro, I finally got hold of 2 couples cinnamon and   couple yellow-side.  I never saw them before alive.  I have to tell you , I was rather impatient to expect both mutations end ’98.


The cinnamon : an amazing bird with great color contrast in comparison with the wild color

In contrast with other birds, the difference in color is very large in comparison with the original.  Of this splendid colorvariation – who’s developing gender depending – I had a first breed beginning ’99 who confirms the cinnamon mutation.  At birth, the young ones had wine-red eyes who became darker after a while.


The yellow-side or molinae hypoxantha Salvadori: First a piece of history

In the 4th book “Sudamerikanische Sittiche” Thomas Arndt makes report of this moliae hypoxantha Salvadori.  Salvadori himself discovered in 1900 three yellow-sides among a flock of greencheekparakeets.  Later, there’s nothing heard about this.  In the same book, Thomas Arndt writes that some ornithologists doubt if it’s a different kind of pyrrhura or if it’s an aberration of color of the pyrrhura molinae.  In the more recent  ‘Lexikon der Papagaien” (part4-page 250) the same ornithologist Thomas Arndt writes, that ‘s sure, it’s a mutation of the greencheekparakeet born in nature.  Also this mutation comes up to my expectations.  Only about inheritance, the Californian breeder couldn’t give me more adevice.  Probably because he only crossed yellow-side x yellow-side, what gives 100% yellow-side youngs.

Already in the beginning of ’99, I had 2 young males of this couple.


First breeding unrelated : a ‘must’ to strenghten mutations

All young ones of ’99 were kept to breed unrelated bloodlines in 2000. About the breeding results of the cinnamon I was sure, because the Californian breeder confirmed de sexually dependant inheritance.

In 2001 I got :

Cinnamon MALE x green FEMALE:

  • green /cinnamon  MALES
  • cinnamon FEMALES

Green MALE x cinnamon FEMALE:

  • green/ cinnamon  MALES
  • green FEMALES

I was not sure about the result of the yellow-side, because the same breeder from California couldn’t give me advice. Joining two males from ’99 with unrelated blue females gave me yet in 2000 unexpected results (see later).  But the breeding of 4 yellow-side young ones in  (2 males and 2 females) confirmed the gender related inheritance.

In 2001 I got :

Yellow-side MALE x green FEMALE:

  • green/yellow-side MALES
  • Yellow-side FEMALES

Green MALE x yellow-side FEMALE:

  • green/yellow-side MALES
  • green FEMALES


The wildcolor young ones from this yellow-sides were true wildcolor.  This confirmed the train of thought by Thomas Arndt, that the yellow-side is a mutation of the molinae.

Next is looking for two new mutations: The blue cinnamon and the blue yellow-side !


The first blue cinnamon

I combined from both cinnamoncouples from California, each time a young male 2000 with a total unrelated blue female. From this I breeded, from couple A en B in 2000 green/blue and cinnamon MALES and cinnamon/blue FEMALES.

Via bringing togehter of the MALES of couple A with the FEMALES of couple B (and reversed), I hope to have this year the first blue cinnamon.  The chance to have it was only 12,5 %.  So, I was very happy with a strong blue cinnamon MALE and a strong blue cinnamon FEMALE from the 2 different nests.


The first blue yellow-side

The breeding of ’99 – two yellow-side MALES – were brought together with two total unrelated blue females.  I was very surprised in 2000 when I got in total 6 pure yellow-side/blue FEMALES and 4 pure green/blue and yellow-side MALES.  This result pointed clearly to sexual inheritance, which was confirmed by the breeding of 2001 (see higher).

Via bringing together of males from couple A with females of couple B (and reversed) I hoped to have this year the first blue yellow-side. The chance for that was as little as for the cinnamon 12,5 %

But again I was very happy to see the first blue yellow-side in the nest.  The intensity of blue on his back contrasted very well with the pale surrouning feather of the breast and those below the wings.  By endoscopy it seemed to be a MALE.  This was interesting because of the gender inheritance.


Something equally, but not completly the same colorvariation as teh yellow-side with the   molinae molinae

With some pyrrhura lovers, I discovered a few years ago, an equally colorvariation as the yellow-side with the molinae molinae. But there are some great differences with the real yellow-side who’s a mutation of the molinae sordida.
The molinae molinae is greater and broader.
The black  legs are still there, in contrast with the yellow-side who has flesh-coloured legs.
The yellow below the wings and on the sides is less pronounced.
The red on the breast seems more dark (browned) than the yellow-side.

My first breeding results of this colorvariation of this robust molinae molinae suggests also a gender related inheritance, but this species doesn’t breed as easily as the real yellow-side.  So I will try to confirm it in the future.


New challenges for the next years

In the coming years I go for the next challenges :

  • Further breeding of the bleu cinnamon and the blue yellow-side via other unrlated bloodlines.
  • Breeding of the cinnamoncolor in the ordinary yellow-side and in the blue yellow-side.


Conclusion : 10 interesting points of the pyrrhura molinae in a nutshell

  1. Extremely intelligent and attached
  2. Not noisy, suitable to hold in living room
  3. Strainstable
  4. Froststaible
  5. Sexing endoscopically necessary for gender definition
  6. Mature for breeding on 1 year of age
  7. Good and trustfull breedingbird
  8. Cage or aviary
  9. Nestblock the whole year
  10. Mutations are as strong as the wildform